German Shepherd dog is eager to discipline, action and learning. But on the other hand may be full of love for its owner. Someone to cuddle all day.
German Shepherd is a relatively new breed of dog of medium size. Originates from Germany, from the period around 1882. It was first presented in Hanover. The result is the creation of a perfect shepherd dog for herding. Cavalry Captain Max Emil Friedrich von Stephanitz standardize the German Shepherd. He founded the bench and gave priority to the progress of intelligence, while the appearance was of secondary importance.
Carefully chose couples for breeding and the organization soon became one of the largest in the world. By promoting the breed, German Shepherd soon becomes part of military and police units. He was devoted to tasks that require courage, intelligence and flexibility. During World War I were the first on the guards. For many years he was one of the most popular dogs in the world.
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APPEARANCE AND ANATOMY
German Shepherd is a dog of medium size, slightly elongated, strong and very muscular. It has a very solid structure. In males, the height at the withers ranges from 23 to 26 inches, while in the females from 21 to 23 inches.
It is very flexible but at the same time extremely elegant.
There are long-haired and wire-haired. But nowadays, the world most recognized haired.
HEAD: wedge-shaped, in accordance with the body, an elongated. Moderately wide between the eyes. The forehead is rounded, while the upper part of the head is 50% of head length. Upper and lower jaw are strongly developed, nasal bridge straight, with no dents. Lips tight, dark colors.
TEETH: powerful and complete. Teeth have prognathism or palisade bite. Jaws strong with a deep-set teeth.
EYES: medium-sized, almond-shaped, a little slanted, dark.
EARS: pricked, of medium size, parallel, the pointy tops, shells turned forward.
NECK: strong and well muscled.
TRUP: top line extends from the beginning of neck, over the ridge, horizontal, gently sloping back, to breath without interruption. Solid and muscular back and loins.
CHEST: moderate width, the upper part long and pronounced.
TAIL: reaches to the hock, the underside more hairy, carried in a gentle curve to lower. In moving, a little more but it should not exceed the line of the back.
FRONT LEGS: right and parallel, with strong muscles attached to the hull. Elbows are not protruding, forearms straight, parallel and muscular.
REAR LEGS: placed in the back, parallel. The femur and tibia of the same length, strong and muscular thighs, hocks strong and solid.
HAIR: sharp with developed undercoat, dense, smooth, flat against the body. On the head, inside of the ears, the front of the foot and toes is short. On the back of the leg hair is extended and the back of the thigh to create shorts.
COLORS: Black with maroon, brown, yellow and light gray signs. White shades are not desirable.
CHARACTER AND BEHAVIOR
German Shepherd is well known for its high intelligence and courage. In the world, occupies third place. Very quickly learn all the required tasks. They are very strong, persistent, obedient, always ready and willing to learn. All these features made it the ideal police dog. They are very brave and faithful companions, loyal guardians and protectors. Maximum loyal to its owner. Therefore it can happen incorrect risk assessment, to attack an unknown person to defend the owner, although he is not endangered. But with the right dressage such cases are rare.
German Shepherd is a very energetic so he needs a daily walk. It needs long walks and permanent assignments to show qualities. He’s patient and calm but can be suitable for children.
ADAPTATION AND CONDITIONS OF LIFE
German Shepherd can be an dog for apartment but he needs a daily dose of discharge energy. It would therefore be desirable to have a yard. If this is a problem, be prepared for long walks and constant dressage. Because this breed always has the desire to learn something.
They can live outdoors in moderate to fresh climate. But above all, they are family dogs and you can feel free to treat him as true pet.
GERMAN SHEPHERD SEEN BY CHILDREN
HEALTH PROBLEMS AND CARE
A large part of defects, with the breed German Shepherd, comes with an early cross. There comes to hip dysplasia and elbow. It still brings arthritis. Are subject to degenerative spinal stenosis, ear infection and swelling.
Less frequently they happen to suffer from horsetail, malignant neoplasm etc.
From time to time it is necessary to test the hips, elbows, blood and eyes.
What should be noted is that the German Shepherd especially prone to systemic fungal infection.
It is necessary to brush one to two times a week.
Life expectancy is up to 13 years.